Congress' Timeline

  • Dadabhai Naoroji becomes the first Asian to be elected to the British Parliament

    Dadabhai Naoroji becomes the first Asian to be elected to the British Parliament

    In the 1892 Parliamentary Elections in Britain, Dadabhai Naoroji was elected from the Finsbury Central seat as a candidate of the Liberal Party. He won despite a leading British politician chastising the public for "stooping so low as to vote for a brown man".

  • First Session of the Congress: The Journey Begins

    First Session of the Congress: The Journey Begins

    On 28 December 1885, 72 social reformers, journalists and lawyers congregated for the first session of Indian National Congress at Gokuldas Tejpal Sanskrit College, Bombay.

  • Second Session of the Congress

    Second Session of the Congress

    The second session of the Congress took place under the leadership of Dadabhai Naoroji in Calcutta. The number of delegates had increased to 434. Towards the end of the session, the Congress decided to set up Provincial Congress Committees across the country.

  • Sixth Session

    Sixth Session

    In his presidential address, Pherozeshah Mehta said 'To my mind, a Parsi is a better and a truer Parsi, as a Mohammedan or a Hindu is a better and truer Mohammedan or Hindu, the more he is attached to the land which gave him birth, the more he is bound in brotherly relations and affection to all the children of the soil, the more he recognises the fraternity of all the native communities of the country".

  • Eighth Session

    Eighth Session

    At its Allahabad Session in 1892, the Congress criticised the Indian Councils Act of 1892, which had just been put into operation by the colonial government. They said that the Act did not give the Indian people the right to elect their own representatives.

  • Mahatma Gandhi appears on the Congress Platform

    Mahatma Gandhi appears on the Congress Platform

    The 1901 Calcutta Session was the first time Mahatma Gandhi appeared on the Congress platform. Then a lawyer based in South Africa, Gandhi urged the Congress to support the struggle against racial discrimination and exploitation in the country.

  • Resolution Blaming the British for Famine

    Resolution Blaming the British for Famine

    Under the leadership of Rahimatulla M Sayani, the Congress at its Calcutta Session, passed a resolution blaming the British for the famine that had devastated many parts of India. They condemned the provisions of the existing famine code as being 'inadequate' and attacked the government for the manner in which it was blocking private relief.

  • Congress slams Tilak's arrest

    Congress slams Tilak's arrest

    The shadow of Bal Gangadhar Tilak arrest on charges of sedition, loomed large over the Amraoti Session. Surendranath Banerjea made full use of his brilliant oratorical skills while voicing his solidarity with Tilak. "For Mr. Tilak, my heart is full of sympathy, my feelings go forth to him in his prison house. A Nation is in tears,'he said.

  • Drain of Wealth

    Drain of Wealth

    At its fifteenth session in Lucknow in 1899, the Congress demanded that the British government put a stop to the 'drain of wealth’ from India to England that had been taking place as a result of colonial rule. By raising this matter, Congress attacked a concept that formed the very basis of colonialism. It is no coincidence that Congress raised this under the presidentship of R.C. Dutt, who along with Dadabhai Naoroji, had been consistently criticising the British for the drain of wealth. This succeeded the 12th session in Calcutta in 1896, when the drain theory got a stamp of approval and the British were held responsible for the ‘drain of wealth’ from India which led to frequent famines and growing poverty in India.

  • Bombay Session, 1904

    Bombay Session, 1904

    At its Bombay Session, the Congress protested the violation of rules by Lord Curzon as he used revenues from India for his forward policy in Tibet. The Congress also recorded its emphatic protest against the Curzon administration's proposal to divide Bengal, a province which was at the forefront of the anti-British struggle.

  • Fissures emerge at Benares

    Fissures emerge at Benares

    The divisions between the 'moderates' led by Gopal Krishna Gokhale and Surendranath Banerjea and the 'extremists' led by Bal Gangadhar Tilak came to the fore in this session. While Tilak and Lala Lajpat Rai wanted the Congress to boycott the visit of the Prince of Wales in protest against the Bengal Partition, the moderates opposed any such move.

  • Congress declares Swaraj as its aim

    Congress declares Swaraj as its aim

    To counter the increasing influence of the extremists, the moderates invited Dadabhai Naoroji to come from England to preside over the session. However, the vocabulary of the extremists triumphed in a way as Naoroji declared Swaraj as the 'only and chief remedy' In self government lies our hope, strength and greatness, he said.

  • Gandhi's first Satyagraha

    Gandhi's first Satyagraha

    On Sep 1906, Gandhiji led his first Satyagraha in Transvaal, South Africa, protesting against the Asiatic Registration Act. The legislation mandated that every Asian who wished to reside or possess property in South Africa had to register his or her name with the authorities. The punishment for not doing so was deportation without the right to appeal.

  • The Surat Split

    The Surat Split

    The Surat Session of the Congress was marred by disturbances. Extremist leaders like Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Lala Lajpat Rai and Bipin Chandra Pal were pushing for resolutions on Swaraj, Boycott and national education while the moderate leaders like Surendranath Banerjea and Gopal Krishna Gokhale were advocating a softer approach. With no meeting ground between the two sections, the Session disintegrated into confusion and eventually had to be suspended.

  • Allahabad Session, 1910

    Allahabad Session, 1910

  • Calcutta Session, 1911

    Calcutta Session, 1911

  • Satyagraha in South Africa for miners

    Satyagraha in South Africa for miners

    On October 28, 1913, Gandhiji led a march of 3000 Indian miners from New Castle to Volksrust to protest against the £3 tax which Indian indentured labourers were made to pay. The Satyagraha continued up till January 21, 1914.

  • World War I

    World War I

    The First World War had begun in Europe and the Congress promised all help in the prosecution of the War. The Congress demanded that the higher ranks of the army should be thrown open to Indians and that military schools and colleges should be established in the country.

  • Gandhiji returns

    Gandhiji returns

    Gandhiji and Kasturba Gandhi set sail for England on July 18, 1914, where they arrived two days after the country had entered World War I. Even during his short stint in England, Gandhiji volunteered to set up an ambulance corps for the war. They returned to India on January 9, 1915, a homecoming that was to change the path of India's history.

  • Moderates and Extremists close ranks

    Moderates and Extremists close ranks

    The biggest achievement of the 1915 Bombay Session was that the constitution of the Congress was suitably altered so as to admit the delegates from the extremist section. Tilak responded by announcing the willingness of his supporters to re-enter the Congress. As a result the number of delegates rose to 2259 from 866 a year back.

  • Congress-League unity

    Congress-League unity

    The 1916 Lucknow Session represented the unification of the moderates and extremists within the Congress but also the closing of ranks between the Congress and the All India Muslim League. The League also held its session in the same city, Lucknow, that year.

  • First woman President

    First woman President

    The Congress got its first woman President at the Calcutta Session in 1917: Annie Besant. "To see India free, to see her hold up her head among the Nations, to see her sons and daughters respected everywhere, to see her worthy of her mighty Past, engaged in building a yet mightier future - is not this worth working for, worth living for and worth dying for? She asked during her presidential address.

  • The Kheda Satyagraha

    The Kheda Satyagraha

  • Special Session, Bombay

    Special Session, Bombay

    The Congress, at the Special Session in Bombay, termed the Montague-Chelmsford reforms as disappointing. It demanded a Declaration of Rights for the people of India and asserted that Indian legislatures should have the same measure of Fiscal Autonomy as the Self-governing Dominions of the Empire.

  • Protests Against the Rowlatt Bills

    Protests Against the Rowlatt Bills

    On April 6, 1919, Gandhiji launched his first all-India Satyagraha against the Rowlatt Bills, which indefinitely extended 'emergency measures' to control public unrest.

  • Jallianwala Bagh Massacre

    Jallianwala Bagh Massacre

    The Jallianwala Bagh massacre was a key moment in Indian History as on April 13 1919, British Forces, led by Brigadier-General REH Dyer opened fire on a crowd of close to 20,000 people in Amritsar, killing over a thousand.

  • Gandhiji attends the Khilafat Conference in Delhi

    Gandhiji attends the Khilafat Conference in Delhi

    Gandhiji and the Congresss joined the Khilafat movement launched by prominent Muslim leaders to protest against British designs against the Caliphate in Turkey. In the process, Gandhiji not only united the country across the religious divide, he also transformed the Congress into a mass movement.
  • Amritsar Session

    Amritsar Session

    By holding its 34th Session at Amritsar on 26 Dec 1919, the Congress expressed its deep solidarity with the people killed in the Jallianwala Bagh massacre in the city earlier that year. Under the presidentship of Motilal Nehru, the Congress condemned the massacre in the strongest of terms.

  • Non-cooperation


    On August 1, 1920, a non-cooperation movement was led by Gandhiji against the British for not addressing the widespread anger caused by the Jallianwala Bagh massacre as well as the Khilafat issue. Gandhiji exhorted the people to give up colonial titles and government posts and boycott foreign articles.

  • On war-footing

    On war-footing

    On 26 Dec 1920, at its Nagpur Session,, the Congress sought to intensify the Non-Cooperation Movement. It urged merchants to boycott any foreign trade relations and urged government servants to help the national cause. The importance of using non-violent means was reiterated. The party also made certain important organisational changes. The strength of the A I. C. C. increased to 350 and a Working Committee of 15 members was constituted.

  • Ahmedabad Session, 1921

    Ahmedabad Session, 1921

  • Council entry

    Council entry

    At the Gaya session on 26 Dec 1922, Congress leaders debated on the merits and demerits of continuing its boycott of the government-created councils. While the 'no-changers' led by C Rajagopalachari and those loyal, suggested to Gandhiji advocated continuing the boycott, the Swarajists led by C.R. Das suggesting participating in the councils.

  • Kakinada Session, 1923

    Kakinada Session, 1923

    The Kakinada Session was presided over by Maulana Mohammad Ali, who was released in 1919 after spending five years in prison. 'Our Swaraj must be Sarvaraj: the Raj of all...Swaraj must be won by the minimum sacrifice of the maximum number and not by the maximum sacrifice of the minimum number,' the Maulana said during his presidential address.

  • Congress Seva Dal

    Congress Seva Dal

  • Fast for Hindu-Muslim unity

    Fast for Hindu-Muslim unity

    After hearing news of communal violence in Kohat and also in Amethi, Sambhal and Gulbarga, Gandhiji went on a fast for Hindu-Muslim unity on September 17, 1924, He ended his fast only after 21 days.

  • Kanpur Session, 1925

    Kanpur Session, 1925

    Sarojini Naidu became the second woman to preside over the Congress after Annie Besant. She said during her presidential address: 'How shall I stir your hearts, how shall I light that flame that cannot die, so that your slavery, so that your disunion, so that all the things that make you hungry and naked and forlorn, oppressed and battered 'will be burnt in that undying fire?'

  • Gandhi-Nehru-Das pact

    Gandhi-Nehru-Das pact

    To end the infighting within the Congress, a pact was signed between Gandhiji on one hand and Motilal Nehru and C.R. Das on the other whereby the Congress accepted that the Swarajists were in the Councils on the Congress's behalf. In return, the Swarajists agreed that only those who spun Khadi could be members of the Congress.

  • Khadi becomes compulsory

    Khadi becomes compulsory

    A number of changes in the Congress constitution were affected at the Bombay Session in 1934. Wearing of Khadi was made a necessary criterion for elective membership. A cap of 2000 was put for the number of Congress delegates. A. I. C. C. was reduced to half its strength. The delegates were to be elected at the rate of 1 per every 500 primary members, thereby making them representatives of the people.

  • Congress boycotts the Simon Commission

    Congress boycotts the Simon Commission

    At the 1927 Madras Session, the Congress resolved to boycott the Simon Commission "at each stage and in every form". In a separate resolution, the Creed of the Congress was defined: "the goal of the Indian people is complete National Independence".

  • Bardoli Satyagraha

    Bardoli Satyagraha

    On February 12 1928, Sardar Patel under Gandhi's leadership launched a Satyagraha in Bardoli against high taxes on farmers who were already reeling under floods and famine. It continued up till August 6, 1928, when an agreement was arrived at with the government.

  • Dominion Status

    Dominion Status

    During the Calcutta session,Gandhiji moved a resolution accepting the Motilal Nehru report's recommendation of Dominion Status within two years. However, Jawaharlal Nehru moved an amendment reiterating the Congress's commitment to independence. To arrive at a middle ground, the Congress gave the British a warning that a civil disobedience movement would start if India was not granted dominion status by December 31, 1929.

  • Purna Swaraj is the Goal

    Purna Swaraj is the Goal

    With Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru at the helm, the Congress went a step declaring Purna Swaraj (complete independence) as its ultimate goal. “We long for peace and the hand of fellowship will always be stretched but to all who may care to grasp it. But behind the hand will be a body which will not bend to injustice and a mind that will not surrender on any vital point,” Pandit Nehru said during his presidential address.

  • Dandi March

    Dandi March

    On March 12, 1930, Gandhiji started his Dandi March (Salt Satyagraha) from his residence at Sabarmati protesting against the 1882 Salt Act, which gave the British a monopoly on the collection, storage and trade of salt, and which levied a salt tax. On Apr 6, 1930, Gandhiji broke Salt laws at Dandi.

  • 1st Round Table Conference

    1st Round Table Conference

    The conference, chaired by the British PM, Ramsay MacDonald, discussed constitutional issues pertaining to India. The Congress did not attend the Conference as its leaders were in jail for civil disobedience.

  • Gandhi Irwin Pact

    Gandhi Irwin Pact

    Gandhiji entered into a pact with the then Viceroy, Lord Irwin, thereby agreeing to discontinue the civil disobedience movement and participate in the Round Table Conferences, on Irwin's acceptance to withdraw the Salt tax and ordinances and cases against the Congress and other nationalists.

  • Karachi Session, 1931

    Karachi Session, 1931

    The Congress expressed its admiration of the bravery and sacrifice of Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru who were executed on March 23, 1931, while also voicing its disapproval of political violence. They declared the execution of the three young men to be an act of wanton vengeance.

  • 2nd Round Table Conference

    2nd Round Table Conference

    The deliberations of the conference that started on September 7, 1931, failed to bring about a consensus between Gandhiji and other Indian participants on separate electorates and other safeguards for Muslims and other minorities.

  • Civil Disobedience Revived

    Civil Disobedience Revived

    Lord Willingdon became the Viceroy in Nov 1931. He violated the Gandhi-Irwin Pact by repressing Congress and other nationalists. Hence, Congress revived the civil disobedience movement on 4 Jan 1932

  • Congress braves crackdown

    Communal Award

    Despite Police vigilance, over 500 delegates attended the Congress session in Delhi in April 1932. Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya, the President elect was arrested en-route. Four resolutions were passed reiterating complete Independence as the goal of the Congress, endorsing the revival of Civil Disobedience, expressing complete faith in Gandhiji's leadership and reaffirming deep faith in non-violence.

  • 16-Aug-1932

    Communal Award

    On August 16, 1932, the British Government announced that members to the provincial legislatures would be elected from separate electorates/constituencies, which would primarily be demarcated on a communal basis.

  • The Third Round Table Conference

    The Third Round Table Conference

    The Third Round Table Conference began on November 17, 1932 and continued up to December 24, 1932. The Congress boycotted it.

  • Fast against Separate Electorate

    Fast against Separate Electorate

    On September 20, 1932, Gandhiji went on a fast protesting against a separate electorate for Harijans. In his words, such 'separation would kill all prospects of reform'; 'when a man relies on a support, to that extent he weakens himself.
  • Poona Pact

    Poona Pact

    Gandhiji ended his fast against against separate electorates for Harijans. This was after a pact was reached between him and Dr BR Ambedekar that allowed a certain number of reserved seats for Harijans

  • Government of India Act, 1935

    Government of India Act, 1935

    On August 2, 1935, The Government of India Act, 1935 was passed. It laid down the constitutional framework for the governance of British India at the federal and provincial levels.

  • Lucknow Session, 1936

    Lucknow Session, 1936

    Lashing out at the British during his presidential address at the Lucknow Session, Pandit Nehru said 'Meanwhile, the decay of British Imperialism in India becomes ever more apparent. It cannot by its very nature solve our economic problems and rid us of our terrible poverty, which it has largely itself created. It subsists on a normal fare of the fiercest repression and a denial of civil and even personal liberty.

  • First 'rural' Session

    First 'rural' Session

    Held at Faizpur near Jalgaon, this was the first Congress Session in a rural area. Pandit Nehru said during his presidential address, 'A vaster and more pressing problem is that of the peasantry, for India is essentially a land of the peasants. In recognition of this fact, and to bring the Congress nearer to the peasant masses, we are meeting here today at the village of Faizpur and not, as of old, in some great city'.

  • Congress wins Provincial Elections

    Congress wins Provincial Elections

    In 1937, first elections were held for the provincial legislatures. About 10 to 12 % of the population had the right to vote. The Congress won an absolute majority in 5 out of 11 provinces and formed governments in 7 provinces.

  • Haripura Session

    Haripura Session

    The fifty-first session of the Congress at Haripura was presided over by Subhash Chandra Bose. Towards the end of the session, there was a contest for who would be the president-elect for the next session between Netaji and Pattabhi Sittaramayya. Bose won with a thumping margin even though Sittaramayya was seen as Gandhiji's nominee.

  • Netaji resigns

    Netaji resigns

    The Congress met at Tripuri under special circumstances as president Subhas Chandra Bose was very ill and Gandhiji was fasting in Rajkot. As Bose was too ill to preside over some sittings, Maulana Azad conducted proceedings on his behalf. However, differences cropped up between Bose and a section of the Working Committee and the former resigned from his presidentship.

  • Proclamation of Emergency

    Proclamation of Emergency

    Governor-General Lord Linlithgow made a Proclamation of Emergency in India due to commencement of the Second World War, thereby assuming control over provincial governments.

  • World War II

    World War II

    Congress ministers resigned protesting Governor-General's unilateral declaration of India's participation in World War II, coupled with his non-acceptance of the Congress' pre-conditions for co-operation which included an Indian national government at the centre and a commitment to India's complete independence after the war.

  • Ramgarh Session

    Ramgarh Session

    The Ramgarh Session was taken up entirely with the crisis brought about by the war and passed only one lengthy resolution on the issue. The Congress protested against the declaration of India as a belligerent country without any reference to the people and stated that the British government was carrying on the war fundamentally for imperialist ends. The party also declared that nothing short of complete independence is acceptable.

  • Individual Civil Disobedience

    Individual Civil Disobedience

    October 17 1940, Gandiji launched the individual civil disobedience movement (as distinguished from the mass civil disobedience movement) with Vinoba Bhave as the first individual satyagrahi and Nehru, the second.

  • Failure of the Cripps Mission

    Failure of the Cripps Mission

    From March 22, 1942, Sir Stafford Cripps, carried out negotiations with the Congress seeking support from Indians for Britain in World War II. The Congress sought immediate and complete transfer of power. The negotiations, which came to an end on April 11, 1942, failed as the British did not agree to the demand.

  • Quit India Movement

    Quit India Movement

    The Quit India movement marked the begining of the last phase of Brtish rule in India. Starting from the August Kranti Maidan, the movement spread like wild-fire through the country, culminating with India's Independence in 1947.

  • Indian National Army (INA)

    Indian National Army (INA)

    February 12 1942, the Indian National Army was formed in South-East Asia to secure Indian independence with Japanese assistance. Led initially by Mohan Singh for a very brief period, Subhas Chandra Bose became the Commander-in-Chief in June 1943.

  • Shimla Conference 1945

    Shimla Conference

    Starting June 25, 1945, Lord Wavell negotiated with Indian leaders for Indian support to fight to the II World War. In return, he proposed to set up an interim government comprising Indians after the war, which would also draft a new constitution. The negotiations, which went on till July 14, 1945, failed to bring consensus between the Congress and Muslim League

  • Netaji Subhas Bose's Reported Death

    Netaji Subhas Bose's Reported Death

    On August 18, 1945, a Japanese news agency reported that Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose died in a plane crash in Taiwan.

  • Provisional Govt of Free India

    Provisional Govt of Free India

    On October 21, 1943, Subhas Chandra Bose founded the Provisional Government of free India. It was recognised by nine world powers including Germany, Italy, Japan and Myanmar. It declared war against Britain and the U.S.A.

  • British Cabinet Mission

    British Cabinet Mission

    The British Cabinet Mission's May 16 plan recommended election of a constituent assembly and creation of a loose three-tier confederation of united India, with separate grouping of majority Hindu and Muslim provinces and with equal representation of such Hindu and Muslim groups at the Union level. Unable to create a consensus between the League and the Congress, the Cabinet Mission left India on June 29, 1946.

  • Congress Accepts Cabinet Mission

    Congress Accepts Cabinet Mission

    On July 7, the Congress agreed to the May 16 plan. On July 10, 1946, Nehru stated that the Congress would enter the Constituent Assembly completely unfettered by agreements and free to meet all situations as they arise' On July 29, 1946, the Muslim League, which had earlier approved the Mission's proposals, withdrew its support for the Plan and demanded the creation of Pakistan.

  • Second Provincial Government

    Second Provincial Government

    New governments were formed at the provinces based on the election held in March, 1946. The Congress won absolute majority in Bombay, Madras, United Provinces, Bihar, Orissa and Central Provinces. In Punjab, a Coalition government comprising the Congress, Akalis and the Unionist Party was formed. The Muslim League secured a majority in Bengal and Sindh.

  • Direct Action Day

    Direct Action Day

    The Muslim League called for observance of Direct Action Day on August 16, 1946 for creation of a separate Pakistan. This triggered communal violence in Calcutta resulting in the death or injury of around 20,000 persons.

  • Caretaker Govt constitued

    Caretaker Govt constituted

    After being invited by Lord Wavell on August 12, 1946, a caretaker government was formed on September 2 with Nehru as Vice-President of the Viceroy's Executive Council. The Muslim League was not part of the caretaker government as it withdrew its acceptance of the Cabinet Mission Plan.

  • Peace Mission in Bengal

    Peace Mission in Bengal

    On November 6, 1946 Gandhiji embarked upon his peace mission in Bengal to stop communal violence. By the time he completed the mission on March 2, 1947, he had covered 49 villages across the province that had been badly hit by communal strife.

  • Constituent Assembly

    Constituent Assembly

    The elections to the Constituent Assembly were held in July-August 1946. The first sitting of the assembly, chaired by Dr. Sachidananda Sinha, was held on December 9, 1946. However, members belonging to the Muslim League boycotted the meeting, as they were adamant on the creation of Pakistan.

  • Asian Relations Conference

    Asian Relations Conference

    On March 23, 1947, Nehru hosted the Asian Relations Conference, chaired by Sarojini Naidu, to bring together the leading men and women of Asia on a common platform to study the problems of common concern to the people of the continent, to focus attention on social, economic and cultural problems of the different countries of Asia, and to foster mutual contact and understanding.

  • Decision on Partitioning India

    Decision on Partitioning India

    June 3, 1947, Lord Mountbatten announced his plan to partition India to resolve the deadlock created by the refusal of the Muslim League to join the Constituent Assembly framed to form the constitution of India.

  • Inviting Princely States

    Inviting Princely States

    On July 5, 1947, Sardar Patel invited Princely States to join the forthcoming Indian Union, by way of transferring their powers over Defence, Foreign Affairs and Communications in return for privy purses to the princes (as the scheme of the independence outlined by Lord Mountbatten left the Princely States free from having to join either India or Pakistan).

  • Indian Independence Act, 1947

    Indian Independence Act, 1947

    On July 18, 1947, the Indian Independence Act, 1947 was passed by the British for partition and transfer of powers on the lines of the announcement made by Lord Mountbatten in June 1947.

  • Princely States join India

    Princely States join India

    All but three of the 565 Princely States signed Instruments of Accession and Standstill agreements with the forthcoming Indian Union by August 14 1947. The three states which hadn't signed the Instruments of Accession by then were Junagadh, Hyderabad and Kashmir.

  • Drafting Committee of Constituent Assembly

    Drafting Committee of Constituent Assembly

    On August 29, 1947, the Constituent Assembly constituted the Drafting Committee to formulate the provisions of a Constitution for India, with Dr. B.R. Ambedkar as its chairman.

  • Junagadh Becomes Part of India

    Junagadh Becomes Part of India

    After the ruler, dewan and the executive council of Junagadh unanimously gave their approval and consent to the Instrument of Accession, the Indian Union took over the administration of the state. A small Indian military was despatched to Junagadh, which was given a resounding welcome by the local people.

  • J&K Accedes to the Indian Union

    J&K Accedes to the Indian Union

    On October 26, 1947, Maharajah Hari Singh of Jammu and Kashmir, executed the Instrument of Accession to accede to the Dominion of India.

  • 15 states join orissa

    15 States Join Orrisa

    On December 15, 1947, as result of the efforts of the State Ministry headed by Sardar Patel and assisted by V.P. Menon, 12 out of 15 class B and C class states agreed to sign an agreement with the Government of India whereby the administration of the states are to be taken over by the Government of Orissa. The merger of all 25 states except 1 became effective on January 1, 1948. The next day, 10 A-class states also agreed to the same.

  • Gandhiji's Last Fast

    Gandhiji's Last Fast

    Upset at the reports of communal violence and disharmony that he had been hearing since his arrival in Delhi a month after independence, Gandhiji began fasting for religious unity on January 13, 1948. He ended his fast on January 19, when a Peace Committee of 180 members from Hindu, Muslim, Sikh and other religious communities with Dr. Rajendra Prasad as its convenor, signed a pledge assuring him that such incidents would not happen again.

  • 11 Chattisgarh states Join C.P. and Berar

    11 Chattisgarh states Join C.P. and Berar

    On December 16, 1947, 11 Chattisgarh states agreed to join the Central Provinces (C.P.) and Berar with effect from January 1, 1948.

  • Martyrdom of Mahatma Gandhi

    Martyrdom of Mahatma Gandhi

    Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated by a religious fanatic Nathuram Godse on January 30, 1948 when he was on the way to a prayer meeting. Prime Minister Jawahar Lal Nehru stated: "The light has gone out from our lives" as the nation plunged into mourning.

  • Deccan States Merge with Bombay

    Deccan States Merge with Bombay

    On February 20, the rulers of 15 Deccan states agreed to integrate their administration with that of the Province of Bombay and to confer full and exclusive powers and jurisdiction in relation to their states to the Government of India.

  • Matsya Union Formed

    Matsya Union Formed

    On 17 March 1948, the Matsya Union came into being with the integration of the states of Alwar, Bharatpur, Dholpur and Karauli.

  • Damodar Valley Corp

    Damodar Valley Corp Created

    The Damodar Valley Corporation was created on 7 July 1948 as the first multipurpose river valley project of independent India. The project has been transmitting power since 1953 and has contributed greatly to the development of Eastern India.

  • East Punjab States Union formed

    East Punjab States Union formed

    On July 15, 1948, Sardar Patel, Minister for States, inaugurated the Union of Patiala and East Punjab States, consisting of the States of Patiala, Kapurthala, Nabha, Jind, Faridkot, Malerkotla, Kalsia and Nalagarh.

  • Hyderabad Becomes Part of India

    Hyderabad Becomes Part of India

    On September 17, 1948, the Nizam surrendered after the Indian military successfully marched into Hyderabad, the last Princely State to accede to the Indian Union.

  • Jaipur Session

    Jaipur Session

    Holding the first Congress Session after independence at Jaipur was of immense symbolic value. It represented the integration of erstwhile princely states like Jaipur into the Indian Union. The Jaipur Session saw the merger of all the political outfits in various principalities of the erstwhile principality following the Congress' agenda, with the Congress party.

  • Conference Against Dutch Aggression in Indonesia

    Conference Against Dutch Aggression in Indonesia

    On January 20, 1949, Prime Minister, Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru inaugurated in New Delhi a Conference of 19 nations (18 Asian countries and Australia) Against Dutch Aggression in Indonesia. His inaugural address read, "If this challenge is not met effectively, then indeed, the consequences will affect not merely Indonesia, but Asia and the entire world."

  • Greater Rajasthan Union Inaugurated

    Greater Rajasthan Union Inaugurated

    On March 30, 1949, Sardar Patel, the Deputy Prime Minister of India, inaugurated the Greated Rajasthan Union, which brought together 19 princely states, 2 chiefships and the district of Ajmer-Merwara (22 regions).


  • Cochin -Travancore Union Born

    Cochin -Travancore Union Born

    On July 1, 1949, Cochin and Travancore were merged by the Ministry of States and integrated into the Union to form the state of Travancore-Cochin or Thiru-Kochi.

  • Constitution of India

    Constitution of India

    The Constituent Assembly, on behalf of the people of India, adopted the Constitution of India, a document that made India into a sovereign democratic republic and shaped its future growth.

  • IIT Kharagpur

    IIT Kharagpur

    On August 18, 1950, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, India's Education Minister, opened the first Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) at Kharagpur. Besides paving the way for many more IITs to be set up in the future, this sowed the seeds for India's future technological prowress.

  • Sardar Patel passed away

    Sardar Patel passed away

    Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, the 75 year old Bismark of India, who was one of the foremost architects of India's freedom and its consolidation, passed away.

  • First 5 Year Plan

    First 5 Year Plan

    Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru presented the first five-year plan on July 9 1951. The total planned budget of Rs 2069 crore was allocated to seven broad areas, irrigation and energy, agriculture and community development and transport and communications got the highest allocation.

  • Ambedkar Resigns

    Ambedkar Resigns

    On October 11, 1951, Dr B.R. Amedkar, the Law Minister until then, left office after his resignation from the Government on September 27, 1951, after the Hindu Code Bill was dropped by the Cabinet.

  • Congress Wins First Election After Independence

    Congress Wins First Election After Independence

    The Congress party garnered an overwhelming majority, winning 364 out of 489 seats in India's first general election. On May 13, 1952, the first elected government of free India was formed under the newly adopted Constitution, with Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru as the Prime Minister and 14 other members forming part of the cabinet.

  • Hyderabad Session, 1953

    Hyderabad Session, 1953

    It was only five years back that the princely state of Hyderabad had been integrated into India. However, the Hyderabad session will be remembered for Pandit Nehru’s stirring address on world peace. “Peace is not merely the absence of war. It is also a state of mind,” he said.

  • Panchsheel Agreement

    Panchsheel Agreement

    The 8-year Panchsheel treaty was signed between India and China on 29 April 1954. The agreement focused on the disputed territories of Aksai Chin and South Tibet and recognised the principles of mutual respect by both countries of each others' territorial integrity and sovereignty, mutual non-aggression, mutual non-interference in each other's internal affairs and peaceful co-existence.

  • The Avadi Session, 1955

    Towards Socialism

    The Avadi Session, 1955 represented the Congress's distinct shift towards socialism. The Congress declared the socialist pattern of society to be its goal. The party resolution also stated that planning must take place with a view towards the establishment of such a society.

  • The Language Question

    The Language Question

    The 'language question' featured prominently in the discussions during the Gauhati Session in 1958. The party resolution stated that all languages mentioned in Schedule VIII of the Constitution are national languages, which should all be encouraged equally. However, the resolution did stress that there was a need for a 'link language, which should not be a foreign language.

  • Indira Gandhi Becomes President

    Indira Gandhi Becomes President

    In 1959, Indira Gandhi was elected as the Congress president. She had already been an elected member of the CWC since 1955 but at Nagpur, the outgoing president U.N. Dhebar suggested her name. Lal Bahadur Shastri proposed her name in the CWC and Indiraji, then just 41 years of age, became the president of the Congress party.

  • Bhilai Steel Plant Inaugurated

    Bhilai Steel Plant Inaugurated

    First President of India, Dr. Rajendra Prasad, on 4 February 1959 inagurated the Bhilai Steel Plant which was India's first and main producer of steel rails, wide steel plates and other steel products.

  • Swatantra Party

    Swatantra Party

    Besides the rise of Indira Gandhi, the other major fallout of the Nagpur session was the alienation of the free-market proponents within the Congress. The economic resolution passed at the session emphasised the Congress's committment towards land reforms and cooperative farming. Upset at this left-ward turn, C Rajagopalachari and N.G. Ranga left the Congress and formed the Swatantra Party.

  • Bangalore Session

    Bangalore Session

    The newly elected Congress president N Sanjeeva Reddy launched a spirited counter-attack against the Swatantra Party. ' What has been said is merely the criticism of the Congress and some of its leaders. It is on this negative basis that this new party stands, with no foundation at all,' he said.

  • 1962 General Elections

    1962 General Elections

    The Congress's efforts at nation-building under the leadership of Pandit Nehru were recognised by the people as it was re-elected to power in the 1962 General Elections. The party won 361 seats out of a total of 494, the Communist Party of India was a distant second with a tally of 29.

  • Bhubaneshwar Session

    Bhubaneshwar Session

    The Congress met at Bhubaneshwar in 1964 under K Kamaraj. The Congress's commitment to socialistic ideals, which had been expressed during the Avadi and Nagpur sessions, was reiterated in Bhubaneshwar. However, Pandit Nehru suddenly fell ill during the deliberations at Bhubaneshwar.

  • Pt Nehru passes away

    Pt Nehru passes away

    The first Prime Minister of Independent India Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru passed away at the age of 74 on 27 May, 1964, bringing an end to one of the most illustrious chapters in the nation's history. He left behind a legacy of strong democratic institutions and a state based on the values of secularism and socialism.

  • Shastriji Takes Over as PM

    Shastriji Takes Over as PM

    Lal Bahadur Shastri took over as the Prime Minister on June 9, 1964. In his address to the Nation on June 11, Shastriji said: "Our way is straight and clear, the building up of a socialist democracy at home with freedom and prosperity for all.."

  • Bhakra Nangal Dam Inaugurated

    Bhakra Nangal Dam Inaugurated

    Prime Minister Pandit Nehru inaugurated the Bhakra Nangal Dam. He said: "Bhakra, the new temple of resurgent India, is the symbol of India's progress." The dam revolutionised irrigation in northern India, thereby preparing the foundation for the Green Revolution, which removed India's foodgrain shortage.

  • Pakistan Attacks India

    Pakistan Attacks India

    On 5 Aug 1965, thousands of Pakistani soldiers crossed the Line of Control dressed as Kashmiri locals and tried to infiltrate into various areas within Kashmir. India retaliated against the attack in self-defence. The war ended after the signing of the Tashkent Declaration. It was during the war that Shastriji gave us the slogan 'Jai Jawan, Jai Kisan' launching a war against both external agression as well as the domestic food shortage.

  • Shastri Ji Passes Away at Tashkent, USSR

    Shastri Ji Passes Away at Tashkent, USSR

    India and Pakistan signed the Tashkent Declaration on January 10, 1966 to bring an end to the Indo-Pak war. Shastriji passed away the next day due to a heart attack.

  • Indira Gandhi chosen as Prime Minister

    Indira Gandhi chosen as Prime Minister

    On January 24. 1966 Smt Indira Gandhi took over as the Prime Minister of India. After Shastriji's death in Tashkent Shri Gulzari Lal Nanda had been functioning as the caretaker Prime Minister. He had performed a similar role after Pandit Nehru's death in 1964.

  • Ten Point Programme

    Ten Point Programme

    At the AICC meet in June 1967, Indiraji unveiled her Ten Point programme seeking social control of banking institutions; nationalisation of general insurance; nationalisation of export and import trade; public distribution of foodgrain; curbs on monopolies and concentration of economic power; limits on urban incomes and property; better implementation of land reform; and an end to princely privileges and privy purses.

  • Bank Nationalisation

    Bank Nationalisation

    14 major private banks were nationalised to open the doors of the banking sector to the poor. The expansion of commercial banking had so far excluded rural areas and small-scale borrowers. The success of the decision can be gauged by the fact that by 1979, the total number of branches of these banks increased from 8,262 in 1969 to 30,202.

  • Indira Triumphs: People Vote for 'Garibi Hatao'

    Indira Triumphs: People Vote for 'Garibi Hatao'

    The revolutionary policies pursued by Indiraji were vindicated in March 1971, when the Congress won an emphatic victory in the Lok Sabha elections. The party improved its tally from 283 seats in 1967 to 352 seats in the fifth general election. Buoyed by the victory, the Congress rededicated itself to eradicating poverty from the country.

  • Privy Purses Abolished

    Privy Purses Abolished

    On July 31, 1971 The Parliament passed the 26th Constitutional Amendment, abolishing the privy purses that were being given to the rulers of the erstwhile princely states. Smt Indira Gandhi said, "The concept of rulership, with privy purses and special privileges unrelated to any current functions and social purposes, is incompatible with an egalitarian social order."

  • Pakistan Attacks India

    Pakistan Attacks India

    On the evening of December 3, 1971, Pakistani planes attacked 11 airfields in India. PM Indira Gandhi addressed the nation and stated that the air strikes were a declaration of war against India. IAF responded with initial air strikes soon after

  • India Triumphs, Indira's Steely Resolve Hailed

    India Triumphs, Indira's Steely Resolve Hailed

    The Pakistani forces in East Pakistan, commanded by Lt Gen AAK Niazi, surrendered to Lt Gen Jagjit S Aurora, GOC in-chief of the Eastern Command of the Indian Army at Dhaka on Dec 16, 1971, at 16.31 IST.

  • Forty-Second Amendment

    Forty-Second Amendment

    Under Indiraji's leadership, the government brought about the 42nd Amendment to the Indian Constituion, which altered the Preamble. It described India as a "sovereign, socialist, secular, democratic republic", adding the words socialist and secular to the earlier version. Also, the phrase "unity of the nation" was modified to "unity and integrity of the nation".

  • Indira Gandhi Sweeps Back to Power

    Indira Gandhi Sweeps Back to Power

    Indira Gandhi sweeps back to power with 351 seats in the Lok Sabha. Janata Party managed to win only 31 seats in the Lok Sabha, bringing an end to one of the most tumultuous eras in Indian political history.

  • Martyrdom of Smt Indira Gandhi

    Martyrdom of Smt Indira Gandhi

    At about 9:20 AM on 31 October 1984, Indira Gandhi was shot dead by her own bodyguards. The nation errupted in an outporuing of grief.

  • Shri Rajiv Gandhi takes over as PM

    Shri Rajiv Gandhi takes over as PM

    Shri Rajiv Gandhi was sworn-in as the Prime Minister after Indira ji's martyrdom.

  • Congress Sweeps LS Elections

    Congress Sweeps LS Elections

    Under Rajivji's leadership, the Congress swept the 1984 Lok Sabha elections winning 404 seat.The Opposition parties were decimated, with the BJP winning just two seats and the Janata Party ten.

  • Rajiv-Longowal Accord

    Rajiv-Longowal Accord

    The Punjab Accord, also known as the Rajiv-Longowal accord, was signed by PM Rajiv Gandhi and Harcharan Singh Longowal on July 24, 1985.According to the agreement, the government accepted the demands of the Akali Dal, which in turn agreed to withdraw its agitation.

  • Assam Accord

    Assam Accord

    The Government of India and the leaders of the Assam agitation signed a Memorandum of Settlement (MoS) in New Delhi on Augst 15, 1985. The accord was signed in the presence of Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi by Union Home Secretary R.D. Pradhan, Chief Secretary, Government of Assam, P.P. Trivedi and the leaders of the agitation Prafulla Kumar Mahanta, Bhrigu Kumar Phukan and Biraj Sharma, bringing an end to the Assam Agitation.

  • Congress Centenary

    Congress Centenary

    The Congress commemorated its centenary under the leadership of Rajivji. "Let us build an India ' proud of her independence; powerful in defence of her freedom; strong, self-reliant in agriculture, industry and front-rank technology; united by bonds transcending barriers of caste, creed and region; liberated from the bondage of poverty and of social and economic inequality," Rajivji said.

  • Telecom Revolution

    Telecom Revolution

    The setting up of the MTNL on April 01 1986, marked the begining of Rajivji's telecome revolution. In 1987, he appointed Sam Pitroda as his Chief Technology Advisor, paving way for the setting up of Public Call Offices (PCOs) across the country. The government provided telephones to small entrepreneurs. By 2004, there were 1.52 million PCOs across the country, connecting India like never before. By 2004, there were 1.52 million PCOs across the country, connecting India like never before.

  • National Policy on Education

    National Policy on Education

    In May, 1986, Rajivji unveiled the a new National Policy on Education, which called for "special emphasis on the removal of disparities and to equalise educational opportunity," especially for women, SCs and STs. This led to the establishment of the Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya System. "Operation Blackboard" to improve primary schools nationwide.The policy expanded the open university system with the Indira Gandhi National Open University, which had been created in 1985, opening up the education system,

  • Mizoram Accord

    Mizoram Accord

    The Government of India and the Mizo National Front signed a Memorandum of Settlement on June 30, 1986. The accord restored peace and harmony in the state, which had been in turmoil since the 1950s. The signatories were Laldenga, leader of the movement, R. D. Pradhan, Union Home Secretary, and Lalkhama, Chief secretary, Mizoram.

  • Indo-Sri Lanka Accord

    Indo-Sri Lanka Accord

    PM Rajiv Gandhi and Sri Lankan President J.R. Jayewardene signed the Indo-Sri Lanka Peace Accord to resolve the ongoing civil war in the island country. Colombo agreed to a devolution of power to the provinces while the Tamil rebels were to surrender arms to the Indian Peace Keeping Force. However, the LTTE refused to disarm, declaring their intent to continue the armed struggle for an independent Tamil Eelam.

  • Congress Elected

    Congress Elected

    Congress came to power after the martyrdom of Shri Rajiv Gandhi, P.V. Narsimha Rao was chosen as the Prime Minister. He appointed noted economist Dr Manmohan Singh as Finance Minister.

  • Economic Liberalisation

    Economic Liberalisation

    When the Congress returned to serve the country in 1991, the nation faced grave balance of payments crisis. India had to pledge its gold as part of a bailout deal with the IMF. On July 24, 1991 Finance Minister Dr Manmohan Singh introduced a series of reforms that unshackled the Indian economy and put the nation on a robust growth trajectory.

  • Congress Loses General Elections

    Congress Loses General Elections

    The Congress lost the 1996 general elections with its tally dropping to 140. P.V. Narasimha Rao resigned from the presidentship of the party. Sitaram Kesri was elected as the new Congress president. To keep the communal forces at bay, the party decided to provide outside support to the United Front government, under the leadership of H.D. Deve Gowda and later Inder Kumar Gujral.

  • Smt Sonia Gandhi takes Primary Membership of the Party

    Smt Sonia Gandhi takes Primary Membership of the Party

    Smt Sonia Gandhi took the primary membership of the party at the Calcutta Session in 1997. In her address, she said "Our ideology of nationalism, secularism, democracy and socialism is the only relevant ideology for our goal country. "

  • Smt Sonia Gandhi persuaded to take over as Congress President to start the revival of the party

    Smt Sonia Gandhi takes over as Congress President

    Smt Sonia Gandhi persuaded to take over as Congress President to start the revival of the party.

  • New Delhi Session, 1998

    New Delhi Session, 1998

    During her presidential address, Sonia ji termed the need to revive the Congress as 'a national imperative' rather than a mere partisan requirement. ' see it as my primary task as Congress President to restore to the Congress the vision of the Congress centenary' Power to the People through the panchayats; and Power to the Congress worker through democracy within the Party..' she said.

  • brainstorming session or Chintan Shivir at Pachmarhi.

    Brainstorming Session at Pachmarhi

    Smt Sonia Gandhi held a "brainstorming"session or Chintan Shivir at Pachmarhi. One of the most significant developments at Pachmarhi was that the party drafted a 14 point plan for Panchayati Raj and an 8-point plan for agriculture. The party committed itself to tackle communal forces, especially in the context of the rising political fortunes of the BJP.

  • Renewed Resolve

    Renewed Resolve

    A Special Session took place under strained circumstances. Upset at the attacks by a few party leaders, Sonia ji tendered her resignation on May 25, 1999. However, the outpouring of support from all levels of the party compelled her to reconsider. During her address, she said: ' standing before you today as a proud Congressperson, doubly resolved to lead the fight for our beloved country. No longer shall we tolerate the negative forces that seek to target the dignity of a woman through calumny and falsehood."

  • Gujarat Riots

    Gujarat Riots

    Riots broke out in Gujarat after a mob set fire to bogey S-6 of the Sabarmati Express at Godhra station. Over a 1000 people, most of them Muslims are estimated to have been killed in the ghastly violence that ensued. Numerous reports have exposed the role played by the state officials in the riots and the failure of the state machinery in protecting the people. The riots showed the true face of the BJP.

  • Congress leads UPA to victory

    Congress leads UPA to victory

    Congress, under Smt Sonia Gandhi, leads United Progressive Alliance (UPA) to victory in Election defeating the BJP led NDA. Soniaji was elected the head of the Paliamentary Party and was asked to head the UPA government as the Prime Minister.

  • Smt Sonia Gandhi Renounces PM Post

    Smt Sonia Gandhi Renounces PM Post

    Congress President Sonia Gandhi renounced the Prime Ministers post saying, "I was always certain that if ever I found myself in the position that I am in today, I would follow my own inner voice. Today, that voice tells me I must humbly decline this post. You have unanimously elected me your leader, in doing so, you have reposed your faith in me. It is this faith that has placed me under tremendous pressure to reconsider my decision. Yet, I must abide by the principles, which have guided me all along".

  • Dr Manmohan Singh becomes PM

    Dr Manmohan Singh becomes PM

    Dr Manmohan Singh took the oath as the Prime Minister of India on 22 May 2004. Dr Singh, had served as the Finance Minister under Prime Minister P.V. Narasimha Rao and is credited with starting the liberalisation process in the country.

  • NREGA Enacted

    NREGA Enacted

    National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA) became an Act on August 23 2005. The Act provides for 100 days of guaranteed employment for every Indian who seeks work. The UPA Government has allocated close to Rs 2 lakh crore to the scheme. The Scheme was renamed as MNREGA on Oct 2, 2009 in the memory of Mahatama Gandhi.

  • Forests Right Act enacted

    Forests Right Act enacted

    The Forest Rights Act 2006 was passed on December 18 Dec 2006. The legislation redressed the historical injustice against forest dwellers giving them greater control over their resources and life.

  • National Rural Health Mission launched

    National Rural Health Mission launched

    The National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) was launched by the Congress - led UPA government as part of its commitment to ensuring quality healthcare for all. The scheme proposed a number of new mechanisms for healthcare delivery including training local residents as Accredited Social Health Activists (ASHA) and the Janani Surakshay Yojana.

  • Non-Violence Day

    Non-Violence Day

    The Satyagraha Conference resolution in New Delhi is initiated by Smt Sonia Gandhi, as Archbishop Desmond Tutu called upon the UN to adopt the idea. The UN General Assembly voted on June 15, 2007 to establish 2 October as the International Day of Non-Violence.

  • Farm Loan Waiver

    Farm Loan Waiver

    UPA Govt announced a Rs 72,000 crore waiver of loans taken by more than 4.30 crore small and marginal farmers across the country. In most of the Indian States, the number of small and marginal farmers ranged from 70% to 94% of the total number of farmers.

  • UPA wins Nuke Deal Trust Vote

    UPA wins Nuke Deal Trust Vote

    UPA government won the confidence vote, clearing the way for it to finalise a landmark nuclear energy deal with the United States. Nuclear energy is critical to the energy security of the country.

  • Shri Rahul Gandhi is appointed as General Secretary, AICC

    Shri Rahul Gandhi is appointed as General Secretary, AICC

    Shri Rahul Gandhi is elected by the Party as General Secretary, AICC, and also given charge of the Indian Youth Congress and the National Students Union of India.

  • Block Congress Committee and District Congress Committee National Convention

    Block Congress Committee and District Congress Committee National Convention

    The National Convention of the BCC and DCC was organised by their Presidents on Ramlila Grounds in Delhi. Party leadership heard the views of grassroots workers.

  • 125 glorious years of serving the nation

    125 glorious years of serving the nation

    As the Indian National Congress celebrated 125 glorious years of serving the nation, Congress President Sonia Gandhi addressed party workers at a celebration held to mark the occasion, and said, “The party has always promoted secularism through a consensual approach, and has stood for the protection of the rights of the poor.”

  • The Congress-led United Progressive Alliance wins 262 seats in the 2009 Lok Sabha elections against 159 seats for the NDA. INC emerges as the single largest party with 206 seats. Dr Manmohan Singh is sworn in as Prime Minister for a second term.

    United Progressive Alliance wins Lok Sabha Polls

    The Congress-led United Progressive Alliance wins 262 seats in the 2009 Lok Sabha elections against 159 seats for the NDA. INC emerges as the single largest party with 206 seats. Dr Manmohan Singh is sworn in as Prime Minister for a second term.

  • 83rd Congress Plenary takes place in Burari

    83rd Congress Plenary takes place in Burari

    Addressing the Congress Plenary in Burari, Smt Sonia Gandhi asked Party leaders to reflect on why the people of India should place their trust in the Congress. She said, “We are a party with a glorious past. We are the party of the future. It is for us to ensure that the Congress holds out hope for each and every Indian. That is our obligation.”

  • Jaipur Chintan Shivir

    Jaipur Chintan Shivir

    Congress leaders from across the country gathered at Jaipur to look at the journey so far and the challenges ahead. Shri Rahul Gandhi was appointed as the Congress Vice President at the conclave.

  • Jaipur Declaration

    Jaipur Declaration

    The Congress adopted the Jaipur Declaration which laid out the party's roadmap for the future. The party rededicated itself to representing people's aspirations, especially those of the youth.

  • Rahul Gandhi elected Vice President unanimously by the Congress Working Committee

    Rahul Gandhi elected Vice President unanimously by the Congress Working Committee

    At the Jaipur Declaration of the CWC, Rahul Gandhi was formally elected the party Vice President, and said that the party would unify in working together to transform the country. Then Prime Minister Manmohan Singh spoke on the country’s economic and political issues.

  • Rahul Gandhi unanimously elected Party President

    Rahul Gandhi unanimously elected Party President

    The party headquarters at 24, Akbar Road saw a smooth change of guard on 16th December, 2017, as Rahul Gandhi was unanimously elected Party President on the 11th of December. As he took over the reins, Rahul Gandhi said to the party workers, “I want to assure all the Congress workers and leaders that you are all my family...I want to tell the youth of this country that Congress is often referred to as the grand old party but going forth we are going to make it the grand old young party."

  • 84th AICC Plenary Session held at New Delhi, the first under Congress President Rahul Gandhi

    84th AICC Plenary Session held at New Delhi, the first under Congress President Rahul Gandhi

    Attended by party members from all over the country, the Plenary set forth Congress President Rahul Gandhi’s vision for the future. In his address, the Congress President said that "If the youths have to take the Congress forward, it cannot be done without the experience the party veterans. My task is to take them forward together."

  • Congress Working Committee meet held in Delhi, first such under party president Rahul Gandhi

    Congress Working Committee meet held in Delhi, first such under party president Rahul Gandhi

    Congress president Rahul Gandhi described the revamped Congress Working Committee (CWC) as a bridge between the past, present and future, and said it was an institution combining experience and energy. Several veteran leaders were present to give their blessings to the CWC and extend support to Congress President Rahul Gandhi, even as he called on all party members to work for India’s oppressed.

  • Mahatma Gandhi’s 150th Birth Anniversary

    Mahatma Gandhi’s 150th Birth Anniversary marked with a Congress Working Committee Meeting in Wardha

    Congress President Rahul Gandhi, while addressing the meeting, called for unity in the country, and said that “While Mahatma Gandhi wanted to unite India, PM Modi wants to divide us.” The meeting also condemned the Modi government’s attitude towards farmers in the country, on a day when police used water cannons and tear gas shells against protesting farmers outside Delhi.

  • Congress Working Committee meeting, Ahmadabad, on the 89th anniversary of the Dandi Satyagrah

    Congress Working Committee meeting, Ahmadabad, on the 89th anniversary of the Dandi Satyagrah

    To commemorate the historic Dandi Satyagrah, and celebrate Gandhiji’s contribution towards our Independence and his commitment to peace, a meeting was held in Ahmedabad, Gujarat. Smt Priyanka Gandhi Vadra spoke on the occasion as she reminded each Indian of their duty towards maintaining an atmosphere of peace. She condemned the attack in Pulwama and paid her respects to the lives lost, and said the country must come together at a time like this and reject the BJP’s promotion of violence and fear.